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REST Assured Tutorial 14 –RequestSpecification – How the request will look like

Introduction

As a part of End to End REST Assured Tutorial, in this post, we will learn about RequestSpecification in Rest Assured. We will learn what, when, and how to use RequestSpecification in Rest Assured.

Prerequisite

I have used below dependency of Rest Assured library for this post:-

Why RequestSpecification?

Observe the below lines of codes carefully. You will find that we have some common statements in both @Test methods after given() method call.

Above we have only two tests but in real-time you may have many. A group of tests will have some common specifications to create a request. Following the DRY principle is the best way to write clean code. We have repeated common request specifications in both tests which is not a good practice. If we need to modify then we need to make changes every placed used.

To club common request specifications together and put as a common entity, we can use RequestSpecification in Rest Assured. RequestSpecification is an interface that allows you to specify how the request will look like. This interface has readymade methods to define base URL, base path, headers, etc. We need to use given() method of RestAssured class to get a reference for RequestSpecification. Remember RequestSpecification is an interface and we can not create an object of it. RequestSpecificationImpl is its implemented class.

How to use RequestSpecification?

A RequestSpecification with some specifications can be created as below:-

Or instead of calling RequestSpecification reference multiple times, we can use the builder pattern as below:-

We can add a RequestSpecification to a request in multiple ways as shown below:-

Example Program

There are two methods in RestAssured class to start creating Request specifications:-

  1. given()
  2. with()

The return type of both methods is RequestSpecification. There is no difference between the above two methods. The only difference is syntactical. An example code is below:-

You can download/clone the above sample project from here.

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Author: Amod Mahajan

My name is Amod Mahajan and I am an IT employee with 6+ years of experience in Software testing and staying in Bengaluru. My area of interest is Automation testing. I started from basics and went through so many selenium tutorials. Thanks to Mukesh Otwani as his tutorials are easy and cover basics to advance. I have habit of exploring concepts by deep diving. I used to make notes. I thought of sharing my knowledge through posts and now I am here. #KeepLearning #ShareLearning

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REST Assured Tutorial 14 –RequestSpecification – How the request will look like

by Amod Mahajan time to read: 3 min
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